A Brief DVD Illustration for the Biblically Described Creation of Our Universe
(Motion picture film, VCR tape, and DVD mimicking illustrations were not used to obtain the GGU-model or GID-model interpretation. This model is created by mathematically encoding general languages that describe sequences of physical-events. Processes that yield such event sequences are modeled after human mental processes that occur trillions of times a day. These illustrations were not devised until after 1997.)
What following is based upon a strict interpretation of Genesis 1 as described in this Genesis 1 article. It presents further GGU-model details.
The General Grand Unification Model (GGU-model) is a mathematical cosmogony. That is, via mathematical reasoning and interpreted mathematical symbols that represent collections of processes, it produces many distinct physical universes in many distinct ways. Various symbol are termed "operators." These operators represent physical or physical-like processes. Each has a signature that signifies that intelligent agency is responsible for the production of and alterations in the behavior of every physical or physical-like system. Such characteristics yield the General Intelligent Design Model (GID-model) interpretation. One form of universe creation parallels the strict creationary mode expressed in Genesis 1. This is a further illustration of that form. Other details of the more complete Genesis account through and after the Flood can be found it my three other "belief" statements and elsewhere on this website.
The mathematical theory was developed first and the following is a translation of the results obtained for one collection of "event sequences." (Recall that an event sequence is what produces, in a step-by-step manner via a specific realization process, real physical entities.) A somewhat more detailed explanation requires the language of the GGU-model. An in-depth explanation is highly technical and complex and involves mathematical analysis using a rather new mathematical process called "Nonstandard Modeling," a portion of a model for modern set-theory. Also, the phrase "rather sudden" is used in some cases, where some entities may not appear instantaneously, but rather they occur over an "short" period of Earth-time during a specific creation-day.
In order to comprehend the following illustration, the statements between the [[ and ]] can be ignored if not understood. If [[[ and ]]] are used, then for comprehension, one needs to know the definitions of more than a few technical terms.
(In this article, the term "subparticle" was previously used. To prevent incorrect mental images as to models for subparticles, the term "properton" replaces the term "subparticle." Without visualizing, a properton is an entity characterized only by a list of properties. Propertons have "properties." These are not assigned some form of human visualization that is intended as a model for behavior. Such visualizations often imply incorrect information that needs to be ignored.)In the beginning, there are no visible images in either location. In Genesis 1,"ghost-like" images are used to indicate "thoughts" not yet physically realized. What is described is from a fixed viewpoint external to the TV screen and the viewer uses an external "time" notion - primitive time. What follows is a theological interpretation for one GGU-model universe-generating scenario. A DVD is loaded into a player and begins to produce images.
(A) Consider a modern large flat-panel TV screen.
(B) A 3-dimensional imaging process is used. The screen is divided into two unmarked regions; a bounded region R located at the center position, and a larger 3-D region S containing R.
(0) [[[All results come from the activation of an intelligently designed ultra-logic-system applied to an intelligently design ultra-hypothesis. A "sustaining" process that must be continually applied to designed combinations of propertons maintains all physical processes. Distinct from the reductionism methods used in (1), it is now possible to eliminate one of the ultimate ultrawords for the four general types of cosmologies, one eternal, two modified eternal, and the one that has a beginning and ending in observer time (3). This single ultraword approach I now accept. All of the physical events that, in primitive time, occur prior to the creation of the "stars" are represented by universe-wide frozen-frames identified by an ordered set of primitive time identifiers. Accept in one case, it is not important to assume that these identifiers are not observer time identifiers. For an enteral universe with no beginning in observer time, these identifiers come sequentially prior to the non-observer primitive time beginning.]]]For this creation scenario, the mathematical model states that there can be many other unrealized universes that correspond to the realized external-universe. Within these unrealized universes are various R-type regions that correspond in their entirety to the governing processes that yield the images in S. These unrealized R-type regions are termed "ancient earths with their local environment." Further, the event sequences can include all other Biblical alterations in universe behavior. [[When the term "all" or "every" is used it is not related to "fact" unless it is qualified. To what collection does the word refer? Often the collection is supposed to be understood by the reader. The term as used in Genesis 1 - 8 relative to biological entities is, for me, clearly restricted to the original Earth and its local environment. Any biological type entities that God designed for the external universe, and this is not prohibited, by consistency are confined to the third-type of kind category. But, the original kinds category is not altered. For example, the kinds category that started with Adam and Eve does not trace back to some other distinct kinds category.]
The following is but one of various types of DVD-illustrated behaviors that satisfy Biblically statements. There are other possibilities, the one presented here is a simplification of the one I, at present, accept. Please note, however, that I use the "rapid-formation model'" (RFM) and it can yield all known cosmologies.
There have been various interpretations as to the "beginning" of day-one. Genesis 1.1, gives an overview of what is to come next. The Hebrew translated as "heaven" can also be translated as "heavens." Without any other "number" being stated, this term when interpreted as a plural implies two items. Although the Bible does mention the third heaven and the composition of the first heaven, there is no mention as to the purpose or composition of the implied second heaven. The reason for this may be that, at this time in human history, there was neither a language nor concepts that allowed for a reasonable description.
In this theological interpretation, I consider the second heaven as composed of all of the created GGU-model entities and processes that have not been defined as physical. These carry the prefix "ultra," or "hyper" among a few other special names, and include all pre-designed *developmental paradigms (event sequences), *instruction-sets, propertons, info-fields and relations between entities that are termed as GGU-model processes. If compared to observer-time, the second heaven can be considered as been created during a zero-length observer-time interval, between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2.
(0.5) (In all that follows, the term "earth" or "Earth" refers to the entire "globe" both the water and non-water part, the third planet from the Sun.) I accept that day-one begins suddenly at the instant the second heaven is formed. (Various choices are possible.) As described in the Genesis 1 article, the waters and Earth of Genesis 1:2 are in two GGU-model special ghost-like forms that suddenly appear in R.
The form in which the ghost-like water appears is a type of confused animation. It is a prototype that illustrates the notation that such entities such as the *instruction-sets need to be produced in order to create, for us, comprehensible behavior. As you push the "next" button a few times you see that the image seems to correspond to no known observed behavior. Hence, although the water appears to be structured, the chaotic behavior occurs for a few of the next "frames." No comprehensible physical processes are occurring. The term "chaos" or "confusion" is used to indicate this. The basic LXX translation for such behavior reads, "unsightly and unfinished." But, for something to be classified as "confused" requires it to be compared with other forms. Hence, most likely, the behavior of water at the time Genesis 1:2 was transcribed indicates that, when it is first mentioned, it is far from behaving in any of the forms experienced.
Relative to the forthcoming Earth, one of the meanings for the phrase "without form" is that an item has not been formed into an observed and specifically identified object. The term "void" can mean empty, a form of nothingness. This is modeled directly by the notion that the original Earth was not, as yet, physically realized. [[Intuitively, the term "energized" can used in place or "realized."]] Physical realization occurs when the realization operator is applied. Hence, for Genesis 1.2, I choice this unrealized state. This applies to the water portion as well since its alteration, as do all entities, requires that the realization operator be applied.
(1) Day-one continued. (This is a change from my previous interpretation. The next few portions are take from the Genesis 1 article.) Yet the Spirit of God is brooding over the surface of the water.
Here the "Spirit," rûach, is indeed an invisible entity but, for comprehension, it always needs to carry the additional notion of being the "origin of God's mental actions, the origin of His thoughts." This is the needed comparison with the concept as related to the human being, where, in this context, it corresponds to our origin of mental action, our thoughts. ("Let us make man in our own image." This, of course, means aspects of God that are comparable.) I am very aware of the problem that develops when one attempts to clearly understand, via a translated word or phrase, what the early Hebrews mean relative to the human soul, nephese, (some say spirit). One idea is that, in various verses, it means an "inner self," as compared with the "outer appearance." Certainly, one major aspect of our "inner self" is our thoughts, our thinking. This human aspect is often not revealed by our appearance. Further, from the GGU-model construction, all human thoughts are known to God, there is a medium through which communication takes place, and He and other entities mentally influence us. Whether or not this includes an "everlasting" invisible human spirit as a major part of God's creation has no affect upon the aspects of human thought presented here.
The actual movement notion is next and it corresponds to how a bird prepares it eggs so that they will hatch. The "brooding" is usually translated as "moving, vibrating" and other such terms. However, these miss the mark since the term means doing such a procedure but with "tender loving care." Thus, with loving care, God is preparing to "hatch" His creation.
It is during this period that all of the GGU-model mechanisms are created. Nothing is yet realized. No observer time transpires. There is no need to add further to the Genesis 1 article for the first day. All of the entities, if observable at all, are ghost-like. For the remainder creation days, the entities that appear in mature or fully function form no longer appear in a ghost-like form.
(2) Day-two. The water is divided into two parts. During this creation-day, the firmament is the GGU-model's "ultra-properton field" (a classical field). The field exists at all points where physical entities exist. It is from this field that the "waters above" and "waters below" emerge. At this moment in physical creation, the field between these waters can be considered as "inactive" in that, as yet, no physical entities are present. (In this illustration, no other entities are "observable.") This field is not part of a physical universe and has certain "simple" properties. Its extent can be measured by simple linear means with a beginning point at or "near" to the Earth or its extent need not be considered.
The "waters above," for a universe of finite extent at any moment in its development, are collections of all the necessary propertons that yield actual H2O molecules in realized form. For absolute consistency in method, the "waters above" act as a type of "place holder" for the objects that appear within our local environment. This firmament can be considered as "hard" as well as flexible. For an expanding universe, it is this field that "expands" or even accelerates, and from which the expansion of a physical universe follows. (The notion of dark energy need not be the cause of any acceleration of this expansion.)
Such a firmament is predicted by the GGU-model and has properties that correspond to the Biblically described properties, even the Hebrew notion of "for ever and ever" as in Psalm 148. This field is an interface between the first heaven and the second heaven. It can be conceived of as having two three-dimensional faces. One face forms the foundation for the physical world and the second face is connected to the "covirtual world" (i.e. the substratum or background universe). It is significant to note that all physical objects would be "in" the firmament.
Depending upon the cosmology one selects, region S displays different behavior. In general, all known cosmologies can be used, including multi-universe and eternal cosmologies. The Bible does not give any details as to how our universe comes into being or develops. It does give a few statements as to its purpose. If an expansion cosmology is used, which appears to correspond to most of today's accepted cosmological indirect evidence, then, when activated, this portion of the firmament displays a barely detectable radially flowing background. On the other hand, there are valid cosmologies that do not include such an expansion.
At present, I accept any expansion cosmology. Some have suggested that this corresponds to Biblical "stretching" statements. But, there are others that claim there is no Biblical suggestion that a stretching is occurring. But, the claims that no stretching is occurring only refer to a special type of movement. The GGU-model properton field allows for such expansion and the Biblical characteristics of this "firmament" do not change. Indeed, there can be a flowing pattern from a specific location outwards toward the outer edge of S. Depending upon the cosmology selected, this outward flow could "appear" to take place starting at a point at the Earth or within or "near to" its local environment. Moreover, such a universe can be formed in such a way that this center of expansion is the spatial point about which the universe appears to be created. (A type of center has some Biblical support.)
As shown in (2, p. 68), the basic "metric" that cosmologist use that includes such an expansion can be completely derived considering only two light propagation properties and a substratum expansion speed. A few more properties for such an expansion are discussed in belief statement 2. If viewed from "inside" the soon to be produced universe, the universe can be considered as "on" the firmament although, as mentioned, "in" the firmament is a correct way to describe the relation. For this Genesis interpretation, I choose an expanding and activated firmament, where expansion is from a relative location within or near the Earth's local environment.
(3) Day-three. The R region's waters "below" appear in distinct regions in R and the "dry" land suddenly appears in mature or fully functional form. That is, a portion of the waters below are transformed into or more likely replaced by the dry earth. The remaining water, as stated, form the Earth's seas. Then the objects described in Genesis 1: 11-12 appear in mature or fully functional form. Hence, the original Earth is realized in a mature form by application of the realization operator. When the universe is created, it is noticed that the waters and Earth in R are slowly rotating relative to the radial firmament flow. Using "hour" units, this measure is a 24-hour rotation period. The result of these R region formations is termed as the "original Earth."
(It is during day-three that the original Earth is physically realized. And, significantly, it is during day-three that vegetation such as grass, herbs, fruit trees, etc. appear. Other biological entities appear in mature or fully functional form during day-five and day-six. Once again these items are first in covirtual form and then the forms are activated. One can distort the intended meaning here by claiming that there is a gap in day-one where a more extensive earth is formed over many "years." This completely alters the logical implications that the sequence of creation-days is trying to convey. God creates a very special original Earth that is distinct from any other such object that may appear in the created day-four external universe. Those that adhere to such a gap theory are altering what the Biblical statements clearly imply. Using this tactic, they fit their theory to an altered Bible. This tactic I do not apply.)
(3.5) First part of day-four. During this creation-day, at the least, the Sun and Moon appear in R in mature or fully functional form and the day-three entities continue to develop in R relative to "rotation-time." Within the Bible "water" is used as a transitional medium for certain significant physical and spiritual changes. For consistency in method, the "waters above" are transformed into or more likely replaced by these two and probably other local environment objects. By implication, day-four can also be when other solar system entities are formed.
(3.5-4) The Rapid-Formation Model states that during day-four an entire universe external to R is formed in S. Its formation can display any developing cosmology that corresponds to what we perceive today and that satisfies a selected S configuration. The outer edge of S need not be the boundary for a universe. [[To form a universe, the ultra-properton field external to R is activated.]]
One aspect of the rapid-formation model is that it eliminates any unnecessary physical processes that are needed to "shield" region R from the hostile environment that exists during the development of a universe exterior to R. Then the process satisfies the Biblical requirement that an exterior universe be formed at a moment after the foundation of the Sun and Moon. Although it requires special analysis, eternal universes, multi-universes, and infinite space or matter universes can be formed by rapid-formation.
The rapid-formation model states that during day-four at a moment after the Sun and Moon appear, the material in R is put into suspended animation. In this form of suspended animation, as the external-universe changes in its development, there is no change in the region R. Alterations of any R-region physical-system, of any kind, cease. Then about 6,000-8,000 or maybe 10,000 years ago rapid-formation ceases and the R-region appears in its appropriate place within the universe.
For further details on the functioning of the rapid-formation model, see rfm.htm.
Although the RFM applies to all known cosmologies, as mentioned, I tentatively select a cosmology that satisfies the requirements for an expanding universe. Further, for appropriate cosmologies with a "hot" beginning in primitive time for the universe or our portion of a multi-universe, I tentatively select the "hot firmament" model. The word in the Scripture raqia (translated as "firmament" or "expanse") has the verb form raqa, the stamped-out or hammered-out notion. It describes how metals are made to overlay a form. When this is done a small amount of heat is produced. Thus, for these universes, at the least, there should be a heat signature at the end of the day-four when the physical universe is form. In this case, the firmament I select is an activated portion of the properton field, which is only physical-like not physical. From the physical-like viewpoint, it is infinitely dense and can, but need not, be stretched like an elastic body and retain this density. This is the "heaven," the expanse, from which all other material aspects of the universe emerge. Various authors tend to call such an expanse "space" but fail to define "space" as produced by any physical-like entity although they claim that it "expands." This expanding space carries along with it material aspects of the universe. So, does the universe expand as a whole or are material movements all caused by other physical processes?
There are differences in interpretations as to the meanings of the Biblical terms dealing with being "stretched out." Does the Biblical notion mean an actual "stretching" like a piece of elastic material or does it mean to lay out or to unfold a fixed expanse? Some authors state that the phrase "like a curtain" or "like a tent" means that the expanse or universe does not stretch since a curtain or tent does not stretch.
The problem is with the use of the term "like" or phrase "as a" and the fact that for these notions, the term "curtain" and "tent," are similes. Hence, the expanse most be different in the main from these material objects and, yet, have a few similar properties. Observationally, the drawing of a curtain can, indeed, appear as an elastic-like stretching. The notion of stretching out a "tent" as used in say Isaiah 40.22 is more relative to the "dwelling in" or "living in" notion than the laying out of such a material object. Since there is some uncertainty, this is why the present illustration is tentative in character. Removing the "expanding" notion does not affect the actual application of the RFM.
Although an eternal universe can be formed via rapid-formation, at present, I accept that at the moment during day-four when the rapid-formation of the exterior universe began it was composed of an almost smooth radiation and matter "soup." Of course, this is a special cosmologically determined requirement. This is the degree of sudden appearance in mature and fully function form I accept. There are cosmologies that postulate that the microwave background radiation is not part of the expansion scenario. I do not is not strongly accept this notion. Indeed, many years ago I showed how a universe-wide time-fracture could completely alter the development of our universe and we could not know "what came before."
If one accepts the "Big Bang" (BB) beginning scenario, which is not necessary, then this is when the universe became transparent to radiation. This is the "recombination" notion. This corresponds to temperature of about 3000 K. At the end of this RFM period and the Earth and its local environment are inserted and the relic radiation from that period as observed today corresponds to radiation from a black-body at 2.725 K. This is a heat signature that matches the raqa notion. (Note: There is no deception here accept for those that hold to the BB starting scenario since nothing before this "beginning" moment can be indirectly observed.) [[Using the "inserted" notion is the easiest way to describe this process. In paper (2) RFM the actual technical requirements are detailed.]]
As mentioned, when the developing external and hostile universe reaches a moment that corresponds to what we consider to be its condition about 6,000 - 8,000 or so years ago, then the S region rapid-formation and the R region suspended animation modes cease. Then suddenly there appears in R images that correspond to the "shinning dim objects" termed as stars. After this the R region is altered at each step in concert with the R-region physical laws. I point out that the "lights" from the previously formed external objects are "allowed" to enter region R for the stated Biblical purposes. There may be many other destructive objects that could enter but they are not realized members of region R. (No "spatial morphing border" is necessary (1, p. 178.)) For my selection, after this moment, if during the next creation days and through the Flood the development of the universe's physical-systems external to R are compared with the development of the physical-systems in R, then various external-universe physical-processes are not replicated within region R. This is a GGU-model possibility since the physical events are sequentially describable.
[[Throughout this illustration living organisms can develop in what appears to be various forms. All aspects of these variations are pre-designed. As shown on this website, claimed "random" alterations are actually "mindom" alterations in that they can satisfy probabilistic statements but no actual random behavior leads to these variations. I use a "three-world" approach to biological variation. Type-one biological "kinds" prior to the Fall are very narrow in scope. In general, they are those entities that are originally designed to physical procreate. Indeed, consistent with the originally physical laws for the Earth, there are no "evolutionary" styled variations in the designs from their original formation until the Fall. After the Fall and through the Flood, the type-one kinds were expanded to allow for additional variations within these kinds - the type-two kinds. These variations now allowed for physical death. After the Flood, the kinds continue to correspond to the pairs that entered the Ark. Under additional physical regulations behavior within these kinds again expanded - the type-three kinds - so as to correspond to the pre-designed variations that occur for other possible life-forms within the created and pre-designed rapidly-formed external universe.
Under no circumstances do I accept that entities are to be classified as members of a particular kind based only upon assumed non-biblical hypotheses. This is contrary to the scientific method. Hypotheses are indirectly verified if there is a preponderance of actual evidence that satisfies the hypotheses or their predictions. Adding evidence that does not actually exist because it conforms to a theory and stating that this verifies a theory is specifically forbidden not only by the science method but also by the rules of logic.]]
(5) All the remaining creation-day entities appear in mature or fully functional form in R. The Bible states in Genesis 2:2 that God ceased all His work after day-six. The notions of "ceases" and "work" must be included in this model. But, from what "work" does He cease? It is His creationary work. This model specifies that God's creationary work includes the creation of all the processes, constituents and all collections of events sequences necessary for His purposes. To sustain His creation, He does not do "creationary" work. Further, these processes can generally be described as "transforming thoughts into physical reality." I consider the "knowledge of" physical reality as equivalent to the actual physical reality in this higher-intelligence case and this corresponds to the final intelligently designed created process "St." [[Recall that the GGU-model processes also model Heb. 1:3, where the notion of "sustained" means, at least, a mentally spoken word used to reproduce in a step-by-step manner the development of a physical universe.]]
The model satisfies the requirement that God has knowledge of all past, present and future events. In review, each alteration in the created universe that He allows is created in the form of covirtual event sequences. Under the strict verb form "to create," it is the created processes that are used to produce physical realizations. I consider the final realization as but another way to describe the result of these processes. What is presented here is an analogue model "for behavior." It may be the only way that we can otherwise comprehend God's creationary activities.
(6) After the Fall of man, as verified by Genesis 3:14-19, some physical laws that govern region R are altered.
(7) Things continue in this fashion until the Flood.
After day-four, the external universe, with region R, are members of a library of universes as discussed in (1 p. 156). This library models participator alterations. In this application of the GGU-model, this library includes all participator alterations, if any. Consistent with the physical laws we observe today and for comprehension, this library also includes universes with various physical-system combinations of entities within the R-region and entities within the other R-type regions
There are various Flood models that have been purposed. Many of these Flood models satisfy the physical laws, at least partially, that are associated with the selected external universe. They are all GGU-model possibilities. The following is the model I, at present, accept. In Genesis 6:13, God states that He will not only destroy the life on the land but also ruin (destroy) the "earth." One model states that during the Flood itself the original Earth and its local environment is replaced with the images from a different DVD in the library with the following features. An after-the-Flood event sequence yields material evidence that is a mingling of evidence from the original (young) Earth with its local environment and that of an ancient earth with its local environment. This evidence verifies that the Earth prior to the Flood and the Flood itself existed. Hence, the Bible implies that our current earth was physically realized about 4500 years ago in terms of earth rotation time.
After the Flood and except for "miraculous events," the current earth with its local environment continues to develop in concert with the development occurring in S. There is a vast amount of mingled evidence that indirectly verifies this model and its implications. For the GGU-model theological interpretation, all of the events discussed above are pre-designed "in the mind of God" so-to-speak. This DVD illustration satisfies Romans 1:20. It, at the least, indicates God's exceptional creationary power, His higher-intelligence and His knowledge of the past, present and future. [[Recall that, theologically, the GGU-model processes can be defined as created processes that transform God's "thoughts" into physical reality.]]
For both technical and Biblical verifications that justify this DVD illustration, please begin with this Personal Belief Statement. These "belief" statements should help to answer many Biblical and physical-science related questions.
(1) Herrmann, Robert A., Science Declares Our Universe IS Intelligently Designed, Xulon Press, Fairfax, VA, USA, 2002.
(2) Herrmann, Robert A., The Theory of Infinitesimal Light-Clocks, http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0312189
(3) Herrmann, Robert A., The GGU-model and Generation of Developmental Paradigms, http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0605120 or at this website 0605120.pdf